All About Passion Fruit Vines

Passion fruit can be grown on a fence, trellis or arbor. There are at least six native species of Passiflora in the united states incarnata, lutea, multiflora, pallens, sexflora, and suberosa. Passiflora incarnata is of its cousins with showy with pink and purple 4-inch-wide flowers appearing readily throught the vine. The passionfruit vine is a shallow-rooted, woody, perennial, climbing by means of tendrils. The alternate, evergreen leaves, deeply 3-lobed when mature, are finely toothed, 3 to 8 in long, A single, fragrant flower, 2 to 3 in wide, is borne at each node on the new growth. The bloom, clasped by 3 large, green, leaflike bracts, consists of 5 greenish-white sepals, 5 white petals, a fringelike corona of straight, white-tipped rays, rich purple at the base, also 5 stamens with large anthers, the ovary, and triple-branched style forming a prominent central structure. The flower of the yellow is the more showy, with more intense color. The nearly round or ovoid fruit, 1 1/2 to 3 in wide, has a tough rind, smooth, waxy, ranging in hue from dark-purple with faint, fine white specks, to light-yellow or pumpkin-color. It is 1/8 in thick, adhering to a 1/4 in layer of white pith. Within is a cavity more or less filled with an aromatic mass of double-walled, membranous sacs filled with orange-colored, pulpy juice. The flavor is appealing and stays the main ingredient in Hawiian Punch. Passion fruit can grow 50' feet in a year. The fruits are harvested throughout the growing season in the summer months.

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